Feeding practices and nutritional status of children with rheumatic fever



Feeding practices and nutritional status of children with rheumatic fever

Background: The children must be well-nourished and healthy so as to grow into healthy adults. The

growth and development of the children continues to be a major public health problem in Bangladesh.

Objective: This study was aimed to identify the feeding practices and nutritional status of children

With rheumatic fever in Bangladesh.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 children aged 5-15 years, who

suffered from rheumatic fever and attended National Centre for Control of Rheumatic Fever and

Heart Diseases (NCCRFand HD) during March to June of the year 2016. The instrument used for data

collection was a semi-structured questionnaire. Data collection was done using face-to-face interview

with parents/caregivers of the children. Data analysis was done by using SPSS version 16.

Results: In this study more than half (53.6%) of the children were aged 13-15 years and 60.0% of them

were males. Slightly above half (50.9%) of the respondents were from urban area and 67.3% of the

family had ≥ 4 children. More than two-fifths (44.5%) of the respondent’s housing condition was semipacca and 45.5% of them lived at least 3 person per bedroom. Little above three-fifths (60.9%) of the

children’s duration of suffering rheumatic fever was ≤ 48 months. About 73.6% of the children were

fed colostrum. About 35.5% of the fathers had SSC level of education and 33.6% of the mothers had

primary level of education.

Conclusion: The overall nutritional status of the study participants (children) was not satisfactory.

Our findings reveal that more than sixty percent of the children were underweight. The children

should be properly immunized and vaccination program for the children against common infectious

diseases of childhood should be provided.

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